Weather radiolocation is the main means of receiving information on cloud cover, precipitation and related hazardous weather with urgency and spatial resolution necessary for a very short-range weather forecast and storm warnings, meteorological support of transport (air or land) and functioning of infrastructure of large cities and large industrial centres.
Value of radar data increases significantly, when data of several radars are combined and «cross-linked» (composite) charts are constructed. In this case, it is possible to conduct an operational follow-up of the development of synoptic scale processes (atmospheric fronts, squall lines, precipitation areas) with information update interval of about 10-180 min.
The basis of the Automated meteorological radar network (WS «MARS») in the territory of the RF and CIS states are automated meteorological radar system (AMRC). At present, WS «MARS» receives and processes data of the following automated radar systems: AMRS «Meteor-MeteoCell», AMRS «Meteocell», ACS WR, AKSOPRI.
Workstation of automated weather radar network (WS «MARS») is an automated workplace for compiling a series of combined charts on the basis of data from several (two or more) AMRS and the use of radar meteoinformation for preparation of very short-term forecasts and storm warnings of hazardous weather related with cumulo-nimbus cloud cover (Cb) and precipitation fields.
Workstation MARS ensures receiving radar data in the international code FM 94 BUFR. Use of international code for exchanging data allows using data of different radar data suppliers for constructing composite charts.
Types of displaying information
The system comprises customized software, computer, uninterrupted power supply UPS, printer and modems (if dedicated telephone communication lines are used).
As of 1 June 2017, 107 WS «MARS» were installed in the network of Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. The Network of the observations is presented 48 complexes AMRK